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Protected landscape region (CHKO) of the Upper Orava

Orava is the northernmost region that is rich in natural beauties. In 1979, the 58 738 ha “Protected landscape region (CHKO) of the Upper Orava” was created to protect the nature.

The preservation of natural recourses is secured in four zones A, B, C and D. There are 17 protected peat bogs in CHKO of the Upper Orava.

Other references






Forests cover almost the half part of CHKO of the Upper Orava. There are beeches, abies and spruces.


Rare plant life is to be found in well-known Orava peat bogs.

... read more about flora


Animal life of CHKO of the Upper Orava is represented by a bear, a wolf and also rare lynx. Deer, roe buck and boar are also common here. Among characteristic species rank for example moor cock and others. There can be found birds of prey as eagle, corvux corax and others. The black stork is also commonly found in this area.

... read more about fauna

Protected zones of the Upper Orava

Orava Reservoir - (Zone B)
It comprises The Birds’ Island and northeastern part of the water reservoir on the border with Poland. The main aim is the protection of water birds, amphibians and mammals that are living in this zone.

Krivan - (Zone C)
The main aim is to protect peat bogs and forest swamps near Orava Reservoir and around the village Bobrov, which is situated on the border with Poland.

Surdiky - (Zone B)
The area of well preserved peat bogs occurring in the area behind Jelesna river on the border with Poland.

Jelesna - (Zone B)
Well preserved water stream in the basin of Orava river. It represents an important living space for an otter, a beaver and it is also a generational locality for many species of fish living in Orava Reservoir.

Paleniska a Jedliny - (zone B)
The reason for preservation of this locality is the occurrence of moor peat bogs and it also represents a living space of a moorcock. This locality stretches to the south from the borderline Trstená – Chyzne.

Sosnina - (Zone B)
It is represented by unique forest peat bog where trees such as pine and spruce can be found. It is also place where rare plant species grow.

Rudne - (Zone B)
In the past, this locality represented the largest and from natural science point of view, the most precious peat bog locality in Slovakia. Nowadays, it represents only a small part of this precious peat bog but it is home of many rare plant species.

Mountains of Hladovka and Sucha Hora - (Zone C)
The reason for protection of this area is the occurrence of continuous forest peat bogs with pine and spruce trees where many rare plant and animal species can be found.

Locality in the southern part of the river Jelesna - (Zone D)
The reason for protection of this locality is the preservation of ecosystems and zones A, B and C, where many rare plant and animal species can be found. This zone covers the whole area south of the river Jelesna.

There can be also found carnivorous plants growing in the peat bogs.

Photo galery

Landscape under Babia hora (Babia hill)
Subalpine biotops under Babia hora (Babia hill)
Sunset at Babia hora (Babia hill)
Winter scenery under Babia hora (Babia hill)
At the top of Babia hora (Babia hill) /1725m/
Orava Reservoir’s water surface
Babia hora (Babia hill) in the spring
Oravské Beskydy Mountains – morning scenery
Winter scenery under Babia hora (Babia hill)
Winter scenery
Babia hora (Babia hill) – a view from the south

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